Blackboard's Assessment features provide a basic method to build online assessments using different question types, the ability to import question pools, and the ability to manage certain testing and feedback options. Blackboard separates the processes of creating and deploying a test into two different stages. The following tips and recommendations are made for test creation and test deployment (items such as test availability and test presentation) to assist in minimizing common problems experienced by faculty and students; student experience tips to help with test taking and submission; and academic honesty tips to prevent plagiarism and dishonesty.
The following tips apply to test creation and settings. It is a good idea to title each quiz or exam with a unique identifying name. For example, instead of Test 1, try a topic or chapter based name. When you are creating the test, remember the description and test instructions will be viewed by students taking the exam.
Test Length Tips
It is recommended your tests not last more than 45-60 minutes because of connectivity issues. If a large amount of material must be covered, give several shorter exams. Many students' Internet service will time-out before they finish an exam and their answers will be lost.
If giving a short quiz, it is generally recommended to display questions all-at-once; this will reduce the number of times a student must hit the submit button. They can still save each individual answer and then submit when complete.
Test Availability Options
Make the Link Available: When deploying a test in a content area it is necessary to make the link available. Blackboard will not make the test available unless this is selected. It is recommended to make the link available and then limit the time it is available by selecting Display After and Display Until date/time restrictions.
Multiple Attempts: A practical recommendation to assist students in the situation they should lose their Internet connection is to allow two attempts for the exam. This step will avoid them being locked out of the exam if their Internet connection is lost. If a student completes the exam more than once, their score will not be overwritten but rather you can choose which score to accept from the Grade Center; the first attempt, last attempt, highest grade, lowest grade, or an average of all attempts.
Force Completion: If checked this option will clear the students saved answers should they exit the test or lose their Internet connection. Leaving this option unchecked will allow a student to reenter the exam, reducing the chance their answers are lost if disconnected during the test.
Set Timer: You can set a timer to limit the time students might spend looking up answers. Blackboard does not force a submission by default at the end of a timed test but gives a warning as to how much time is left. The timer starts the first time the test is launched and if the student leaves the test for any reason the clock keeps ticking. If the student goes over the allotted time they will not get an automatic score. Instead an exclamation point will appear in the Grade Center so the instructor can deduct points for going over the allotted time. If you select to enable the auto submit option, the test will be automatically submitted, but it also leave the exclamation point.
Display After and Display Until: This setting allows you to establish a window of time when the test is available for students. It is recommended that you make the test available for at least 24 hours but some faculty have found that distance learning students may need a larger window of time due to work or other responsibilities.
Password: You can set a password for a test if you want a student to take the test at a different time such as a make-up exam.
Include this Test in Grade Center Score Calculations: Blackboard allows you to create practice tests or self-assessments that are not included in the student's final grade. If you are using a test as a self-assessment, uncheck this box in the Test Options.
Hide Results for this Test Completely from Instructor and the Grade Center: Blackboard provides options for self-assessments and this option is offered as a way to completely hide results of practice tests. This option is probably unnecessary in the case of a practice tests which are not included in the Grade Center unless you feel the possibility of you viewing results will prevent students from taking a practice test.
Multiple choice, true false, matching, and other question types which can be automatically graded can be set to provide immediate feedback to students. Feedback options include Score, Submitted Answers, Correct Answers, and Feedback that you added when you created the test. If you are concerned about revealing correct answers before the entire class has completed the test, select Score only and then return to the Test Option area once all students have taken the test to select other more detailed feedback options.
Presentation Mode: All at Once or One at a Time. A good recommendation is to present questions one at a time. Presenting questions one at a time will assist with timeout issues because students will be required to submit each question and then asked to confirm their submission continually sending data to the server each time.
Randomize Questions: If you randomize the questions students will be shown the same set of questions but in random order. Do not use this option if you have sequential questions or questions that build on one another. If you want questions within the exam to be randomly selected from a set of questions making it unlikely that any two exams will be identical, develop a larger pool of questions and use the Random Block question type when you create the test. Avoid this option if you are using question by question display.
Student Experience Tips
Time Frame:Provide a reasonable time frame for students to take the test. It is recommended that you provide at least a 24 hour time frame and not require students to take the test all at the same time. Students could experience errors or other problems if all your students are hitting the server at the same time for the same test. This recommendation also applies to requiring students to take the online test all at the same time in a lab setting.
System Requirements: In terms of system requirements, Firefox has been a more reliable browser when using Blackboard. It is recommended that you convey this to students and suggest they use Firefox for test taking In addition, you can recommend students with internet trouble to take the test on campus, or even set up a proctored test.
Time Outs and Server Limits: The Blackboard server reserves a certain amount of memory for assessment features. Because this memory is "limited," the server will time out after 20 minutes if it detects no activity while taking a test, thus "kicking the student out of the test." To avoid this problem, it is recommended you keep exam time under 1 hour. When giving a final or other long test, break the test into multiple shorter sections. For example, create two assessments of 50 questions or less and a separate exam for essay questions.For essay exams it is recommended to not require over 20 minutes for each response to avoid timeout issues. Alternative options may be to use the File Response question type and ask students to compose their essay in a word processing program and then attach the file. Using the Assignment Manager with time and date restrictions is also another method for essay exams. To help with timing out and student issue, avoid creating extremely large exams with complex questions and answers.Train students to save their exam every 15 minutes or so; this will help present test loss if an issue does occur.
Logging out: Student should always log out of Blackboard. Closing the window Blackboard is open in will not end the session and the above problem with Blackboard kicking a student out of the test remains. For instance, if the student was working on Blackboard and decided to take a five minute break before taking their test and just closed the browser window, this will more than likely not end the BB session. Then, they come back, login to Blackboard again, and now they have two, or several active sessions going. So, they start taking their test, and five minutes in they get kicked out: Panic ensues, desperate e-mails flood your inbox, sky falls.
There is no guaranteed method of preventing cheating when giving online exams. Requiring students to take a proctored mid-term and final exam is one method to discourage academic dishonesty but there are alternate methods which may be more appropriate for online education. In addition to including Missouri State’s Statement on Academic Dishonesty on your course syllabus, the following considerations are intended to provide you some practical ideas on discouraging dishonesty. Consider the following to help deter academic dishonesty:
- Consider drafting a Code of Honor contract for students to sign. Clearly define academically inappropriate behavior, your expectations for students, and identify reasons to be honest.
- Vary the type of assessments used throughout the class making it difficult for students to get constant help.
- Design discussion and test questions that can not be answered easily unless the individual has done previous work in the course.
- Use several short quizzes rather than one or two tests to discourage getting help with testing.
- Design open book test questions that require students to demonstrate their understanding rather than simple ‘hunt’ for the correct answer.
- Require that term papers and other assignments be submitted in stages (outline, introduction, rough draft, etc.). Ask students to submit an actual source, or the first page of each source for their paper. Make it a common practice to ask students questions about their paper. Students will be more cautious if they know their instructor will be asking question about their sources.
- Use monitoring tools in Blackboard to track student activity or lack thereof. Monitor the amount of time a student is working within the class and let them know if you notice a change in behavior.